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The feasibility of thoracoscopic-guided intercostal nerve block during uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy of the lung

 Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Haeundae Paik Hospital, College of Medicine, Inje University, Busan, Korea

Correspondence Address:
Min Kyun Kang,
Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Haeundae Paik Hospital, College of Medicine, Inje University, Haeundae-ro 875, Haeundae-gu, 48108, Busan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jmas.jmas_261_21

Background: Uniportal thoracoscopic surgery has become widely accepted for its favourable outcomes with regard to pain. However, post-operative pain is still a concern associated with thoracic surgery. The objective of this study was to evaluate the post-operative pain of patients undergoing uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomies using an intra-operative intercostal nerve block. Methods: All consecutive patients undergoing uniportal VATS lobectomies between October 2018 and October 2019 were reviewed retrospectively. Twenty consecutive patients in Group A underwent uniportal VATS lobectomies without intra-operative intercostal nerve blocks. The other 20 consecutive patients in Group B underwent uniportal VATS lobectomies with intra-operative intercostal nerve blocks. Numeric Pain Rating Scale (NRS) scores were recorded at 1, 12 and 24 h postoperatively. The number of anti-inflammatory drugs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug [NSAIDs]) consumed until the time of chest tube removal was also recorded. Results: There was no difference between the groups with regard to sex, age, chest tube duration, length of stay, operative time or laterality. There was a significant difference in post-operative NRS scores at 1 h (P < 0.001) and 12 h (P = 0.014) between the groups. The NSAID consumption was significantly lower in Group B than in Group A (P = 0.038). Conclusion: Intra-operative intercostal nerve blocks with bupivacaine provided immediate post-operative pain relief and reduced post-operative opioid consumption in patients who underwent uniportal VATS lobectomies.

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    -  Kang MK
    -  Woon H
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2004 Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 15th August '04