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Comparison of reverse puncture device and overlap in laparoscopic total gastrectomy for gastric cancer

1 Department of General Surgery, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, Jinan, China
2 Department of General Surgery, Central Hospital of Zaozhuang Coal Mining Group, Shandong Province, Zaozhuang, China

Correspondence Address:
Wenbin Yu,
Department of General Surgery, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, 107 West Wenhua Road, Jinan 250012
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jmas.JMAS_276_19

PMID: 33047683

Background: Intracorporeal oesophagojejunostomy is one of the key steps in laparoscopic total gastrectomy (LTG). At present, there is no widely accepted anastomosis technique in oesophagojejunostomy. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively studied 63 patients with gastric cancer who underwent LTG. Two types of anastomosis techniques have been applied during LTG: the reverse puncture device (RPD) (28 patients) and overlap (35 patients). Results: A total of 63 patients (51 males and 12 females: mean age = 58 years and mean body mass index [BMI] = 26.3 kg/m2) were enrolled in this study. There were no significant difference in age, BMI, duration of surgery, duration of anastomosis, blood loss, post-operative hospital stay, tumour location, tumour size, degree of tumour differentiation, Borrmann type, total number of lymph nodes, number of positive lymph nodes, hospital stay, hospitalisation costs, intra-operative complications, post-operative complications and prognosis between the RPD group and the overlap group. RPD group showed a significant advantage in terms of the distance between the top border of tumours and the top resection margin (P < 0.001). We further found that the oesophageal lateral negative surgical margin distance of the upper gastric cancer in the RPD group was significantly longer than that in the overlap group (P < 0.001). Conclusions: Both the RPD and overlap techniques are safe and applicable in LTG. However, RPD has the advantage of obtaining an adequate safe margin compared with that of overlap technique, especially in patients with gastro-oesophageal junction carcinoma.

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2004 Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 15th August '04