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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 284-288

Good to excellent Quality of Life in patients suffering from severe obesity post bariatric surgery - A single-center retrospective study report using BAROS Questionnaire


Department of Bariatric and Metabolic Surgery, KD Hospital, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Manish Khaitan
KD Hospital, Ahmedabad - 382 421, Gujarat
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jmas.JMAS_268_20

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Context: Despite the positive outcomes reported in terms of weight loss and resolution of co-morbidities, the impact of bariatric surgery on patient-reported outcomes of quality of life (QoL) still remains scarce, particularly in the Indian population. The present study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) procedures in patients with severe obesity over a period of 2 years in terms of weight loss, resolution of comorbidities, safety and changes in QoL using the Bariatric analysis and reporting outcome system (BAROS). Subjects and Methods: The data of 100 patients who underwent RYGB and LSG between March 2014 and December 2017 were analyzed. The study endpoints such as QoL, major and minor complication rates, co-morbidity resolutions and the percentage of excess weight loss (%EWL) were measured using the Moorehead-Ardelt BAROS questionnaire II. Results: At a follow-up point of 2 years, patients achieved a mean %EWL of 79.2 (±28.9) % and the mean postoperative body mass index decreased to 31.7 (±6.22) kg/m2. No major complications were reported to have occurred. Excellent global BAROS outcome was obtained in 20% of patients, very good in 47%, good in 29%, fair 2% and failure in 2% patients 24 months post-surgery. The mean BAROS score was 5.8 ± 1.73, and a 'good' to 'excellent' QoL outcome was observed in 96% of patients. Conclusion: RYGB and LSG are safe and effective bariatric procedures. These procedures provided substantial results in good to excellent health-related QoL, weight loss and medical conditions.






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