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Year : 2005  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 181-187

Laparoscopic reconstructive urology

1 Department(s) of Urology, Guy’s Hospital, London, United Kingdom
2 East Surrey Hospital, United Kingdom

Correspondence Address:
Declan Murphy
Specialist Registrar in Urology, Guy’s Hospital, St. Thomas Street, London, SE1 9RT
United Kingdom
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0972-9941.19265

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Objective: Laparoscopic reconstructive urology is undergoing rapid change. We review the current status of laparoscopic reconstructive urology, with particular respect to pyeloplasty and reconstructive ureteric surgery. Methods: An extensive Medline search of reconstructive laparoscopic procedures was undertaken. The initial reports and large series reports of a range of procedures was examined and summarised. The most commonly practised procedure within this remit is laparoscopic pyeloplasty. Several series of over 100 patients have been published. Success rates average over 90% for laparoscopic pyeloplasty with a low complication rate. Much less common laparoscopic reconstructive urological procedures include ureteric re-implantation, Boari flap, urinary diversion and transuretero-ureterostomy. The results of these are encouraging. Conclusions: Laparoscopic pyeloplasty may be safely performed by either the transperitoneal or retroperitoneal routes with excellent results. It should be considered the "gold standard" for the management of UPJ obstruction, especially in those patients with significant hydronephrosis, renal impairment or a crossing vessel. Laparoscopic ureteric reimplantation, Boari flap, urinary diversion and transuretero-ureterostomy have been performed by experienced laparoscopic urologists with encouraging results.


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© 2004 Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
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